Some Important Role OF UNFCCC
- Recognizes that Climate Change is a problem, it not being easy for the nations of the world to agree on a common course of action, especially one that tackles a problem whose consequences are uncertain and which will be more important for our future generation than for the present.
- Sets an “ultimate objective” of stabilizing “greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic (human-induced) interference with the climate system.” The objective does not specify what these concentrations should be, only that they be at a level that is not dangerous. This acknowledges that there is currently no scientific certainty about what a dangerous level would be.
- Directs that “such a level should be achieved within a time-frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner”.
- Establishes a framework and a process for agreeing to specific actions;
- Encourages scientific research on climate change;
- Recognizes that poorer nations have a right to economic development. It notes that the share of global emissions of greenhouse gases originating in developing countries will grow as these countries expand their industries to improve social and economic conditions for their citizens;
- Acknowledges the vulnerability of poorer countries to the effects of climate change and supports the concept of “sustainable development”;
- Calls for developing and sharing environmentally sound technologies and know-how and emphasizes the need to educate people about climate change;